The promise that David’s descendants would be kings fulfilled the even more ancient Abrahamic Covenant blessing that the patriarchs would be the fathers of kings (Genesis 17:6, 16; 35:11). To Judah, great-grandson of Abraham, was given the explicit pledge that a promised ruler would come from Judah (Genesis 49:10). Samuel anointed this one from Judah, David himself, of whom the Lord said, [...]
In 2 Samuel 7:1–2. After David had become well settled in Jerusalem and was enjoying a period of peace, his thoughts turned to the idea of building a more permanent structure in which the Lord could reside among His people. The tent, he felt, was no longer suitable, especially in comparison with his own elaborate palace of cedar (2 Samuel 5:11). In [...]
The Lord’s words spoken in 2 Samuel 7 demonstrate Him to be the promise-keeping God; having prophetically placed the scepter in Judah hundreds of years earlier (Genesis 49:10). Through the prophetic pronouncements of this chapter David is made the founder of the only royal family the Lord would ever sanction in a perpetual bond. David would not only become the source of [...]
The promises of God in 2 Samuel 7 may correctly be understood as the focus of Old Testament prophecy, the climax of David’s life, and the foundation for a major theme in the writings of the Prophets that followed. Read these quotes: 2 Samuel 7 is: “the center and focus of … the Deuteronomic history itself” (Youngblood); “the dramatic and theological [...]
Saul's daughter, Michal, was embarrassed by David's dancing and celebrating. She rebuked him for it.
The ark symbolized the presence of God. It was a very sacred and holy thing.
All could see the evidence of God’s protection and power on David and his kingdom.
David’s capture, expansion, and occupation of Jerusalem made it clear to all Israel and to surrounding peoples as well that God … was with him.
2 Samuel 5-10 describe the peak of David’s kingdom. In 2 Samuel 5, David conquers Jerusalem, the crown jewel of the Promised Land. Here also David establishes an effective administrative system and leads Israel to victory over all their enemies. David’s virtue is also showcased as he fulfills his commitment to Jonathan by caring for his fallen comrade’s only son, Mephibosheth. Most [...]
In 2 Samuel 4:1–8, we discover that the news about Abner’s death did not encourage Ish-Bosheth to reassert his own authority over Israel. On the contrary, it only increased his instability and brought a sense of panic to the nation. Sensing that Ish-Bosheth was powerless, two Benjamite assassins—Baanah and Recab ( 2 Samuel 4:2–3)—gained access to Ish-Bosheth’s house at Mahanaim at midday [...]
In 2 Samuel 3:12–21, Abner, Saul and Ish-Bosheth's general, proposed to David that they make an agreement (a covenant) and that he would help David secure Israel. David demanded that Abner restore, as a sign of his good faith, his long-separated wife Michal to him (2 Samuel 3:13–14; 1 Sam. 18:20–27; 25:44). After this was accomplished (2 Samuel 3:15–16), Abner met with Israel’s [...]
In 2 Samuel 3:1–11 we learn that the struggle was not limited to individuals but included dynasties. This is evident 2 Samuel 3:1, “During the long war between the house of Saul and the house of David, David was growing stronger and the house of Saul was becoming weaker.” The supporters of Saul’s family were determined to resist David’s designs and to [...]
Abner, Ish-Bosheth military leader, and Joab, David’s military leader, appointed elite troops to engage in hand-to-hand combat. The result was a victory for David’s men, but they were not satisfied to end the contest there. Instead they made hot pursuit of Abner and his friends, a chase that resulted in the seasoned warrior Abner taking the life of Asahel, younger brother of [...]
From the beginning of David’s reign his real rival was not Saul's son, Ish-Bosheth, but his general Abner.
David was appointed by God. The Lord instructed David to go to Hebron. There the elders of Judah anointed him king.
In David’s song of grief, he opens and closes with the refrain, How the mighty have fallen! (2 Samuel 1:19, 27; cf. 1:25. David warned against telling of the tragedy in Philistia lest the Philistine maidens rejoice (2 Samuel 1:20) just as the Israelite maidens had sung of the triumphs of Saul and David years before (1 Samuel 18:7). David then cursed [...]