The appendix of 1 & 2 Samuel is chapters 22-24. At core of the appendix is David’s tribute to the Lord in song. This song was also included in the Book of Psalms (Psalms 18). The occasion for David’s thanksgiving was his deliverance from King Saul.
David recalled his cry for deliverance. The Lord, awesome in might, came to his personal rescue because David was upright and faithful. God was his Lamp, Rock, and Shield of Salvation, giving David complete victory over all his enemies.
David uses language full of metaphors. He began his song with eight praise-filled descriptions of the Lord: The Lord is…
- “my rock” (v. 2),
- “my fortress,”
- “my rock where I seek refuge,”
- “my shield” (v. 3),
- “the horn of my salvation,”
- “my stronghold,”
- “my refuge,”
- “my savior.”
All of the metaphors used by Israel’s king reflect his perception that the Lord is a strong and benevolent protector. Also, each of the eight descriptions is highly personal: the Lord is not just a source of salvation for the world in general.
The extensive use of the first-person personal pronoun “my,” is significant: for David, the Lord is a very personal helper, a living resource whose interventions in the king’s life have consistently spelled the difference between life and death. David did not deny that the Lord is a Savior for others as well, but he wrote this psalm to affirm that the Lord was indeed his deliverer.