The Lord’s words spoken in 2 Samuel 7 demonstrate Him to be the promise-keeping God; having prophetically placed the scepter in Judah hundreds of years earlier (Genesis 49:10). Through the prophetic pronouncements of this chapter David is made the founder of the only royal family the Lord would ever sanction in a perpetual bond. David would not only become the source of all Israel’s uniquely favored dynastic line, but he would become the standard by which his descendants would be judged.
The covenant between the Lord and David has been compared to the one established between the Lord and Abraham in Genesis 15. There are two primary similarities between God’s commitments to Abraham and David:
- that God is bound by an oath
- that God made a promise to the individuals.
The agreement that God made with David sometimes has been termed a grant/promissory/oath-type covenant—a concept that suggests unconditionality—a concept that emphasizes the role of the initiator while downplaying the responsibilities/role of the recipient.