The promise that David’s descendants would be kings fulfilled the even more ancient Abrahamic Covenant blessing that the patriarchs would be the fathers of kings (Genesis 17:6, 16; 35:11).
- To Judah, great-grandson of Abraham, was given the explicit pledge that a promised ruler would come from Judah (Genesis 49:10).
- Samuel anointed this one from Judah, David himself, of whom the Lord said, “He is the one” (1 Sam. 16:12). David was aware of his election by God and of the theological significance of that election as part of the messianic line that would result in a divine Descendant and King (Psalm 2:6–7, 110; 89:3–4). The prophets also attested to the Davidic Messiah, the One who would rule over all and forever on His throne (Isa. 9:1–7; 11:1–5; Jer. 30:4–11; Ezek. 34:23–24; 37:24–25; Amos 9:11–15).
The promise that the people of the Lord, David’s kingdom Israel, would have an enduring land of their own was also based on earlier commitments of the Lord. The seed of Abraham, God said, would be given Canaan as a home forever (Gen. 13:15; 15:18; 17:8; Deut. 34:4).