In 1 Samuel 18:1-5 we see a very important relationship forming between Davis and King Saul’s son, Jonathan. Immediately after David’s conversation with the king, his relationship with the royal family changed forever. Saul’s firstborn son, Jonathan, found in David a very important friendship. 1 Samuel 18:1 says “Jonathan was bound to David in close friendship, and loved him as much as he loved himself. ” This was understandable because David and Jonathan had much in common; they were both courageous and capable young warriors who possessed profound faith in the Lord. Both had participated in faith-motivated attacks against a militarily superior Philistine army that had resulted in great victories for Israel.
Jonathan, like his father Saul (1 Samuel 16:21), “loved” David. That love inspired him to make a covenant with David, one that was expressed with extravagant gifts. Jonathan gave David robe, his military tunic, and weapons originally reserved for the heir to Saul’s throne. These gifts clearly possesses symbolic significance for the kingdom transition.
In 1 Samuel 18:5, the Hebrew term translated “was successful in everything” is theologically significant. According to the Torah (Deuteronomy 29:9), those who would keep the words of the Sinai covenant would be “successful in everything” they did. The use of language that reminds us of the Torah’s promise is not accidental. David was a man under the control and direction of the Lord’s Spirit.
Not only did David’s relationship with Jonathan evolve that day, but so did his relationship with the king.