We are discovering that pride is the enemy of a servant spirit. Jesus exemplified a servant spirit. Proud people believe others exist to serve them, not the reverse.
1 Peter 5:5-13 In the same way, you who are younger, be subject to the elders. All of you clothe yourselves with humility toward one another, because God resists the proud but gives grace to the humble. Humble yourselves, therefore, under the mighty hand of God, so that he may exalt you at the proper time, 7 casting all your cares on him, because he cares about you.
First, believers direct their humility toward one another. The natural attitude of unsaved persons generally sees other people as either equal or inferior to themselves. Christians should prefer other believers to themselves out of respect and love (Rom. 12:10). Peter had already urged them to love one another with sincere love (1 Pet. 1:22) and to be hospitable toward one another without complaining (4:9). Both admonitions are examples of having a humble spirit toward other Christians.
Second, motivation comes from comparing the relative positions of the proud and the humble in regard to the Lord. God resists the proud. The essence of pride involves taking the place of God in our lives. It was the original sin of Satan in eternity past (Isa. 14:12-14). The desire to be like God caused our first ancestors to sin (Gen. 3:5-6). Peter referenced Proverbs 3:34 (see also Ps. 138:6) to encourage the struggling saints to reject the path of pride or risk God’s judgment.
On the other hand, God gives grace to the humble. God’s saving grace is received by the person willing to repent of sin, recognize the need of forgiveness, and receive Jesus as Savior and Lord (Rom. 10:9-10; Acts 3:19; John 1:12). Only a humble person will take each of those steps to salvation. However, Peter’s application of Scripture applies not only to submitting ourselves to Christ, but to one another. In that case, he was not talking about saving grace but the way God extends His favor to believers who humble themselves in relationships with each other.